Municipal Solid Waste compost refers to using microorganism activity to decompose the perishable organic matters in Municipal Solid Waste, transforming them into organic fertilizers that are rich in organic material, nitrogen, phosphorus, kalium and other nutrient elements, making Municipal Solid Waste achieve the virtuous circle of coming from nature and then returning to nature. Municipal Solid Waste, as the recoverable resource, are applied into farmland environment as fertilizer after treatment via composting technology (click to see municipal organic waste composting method), which can not only absorb municipal waste and improve urban environment, but also create good ecological benefits and economic benefits for farmland environment.
Municipal Refuse Compost Plays a Part in Soil Improvement Effect
Urban waste compost improves the physical & chemical property of soil
MSW compost not only has richer organic material, constant nutrient element (nitrogen, phosphorus, kalium) needed by plants and necessary micro-elements (copper, zinc, iron, manganese), and also has a certain amount of coarse residue. Composting increases soil organic matter, provides material base for the formation of granule with good water stability, and a few coarse residue can correspondingly change the feature of heavy clay soil. If applied properly, Municipal Solid Waste compost can dramatically improve soil physical property, mainly showing in the enlargement of non capillary porosity, the increase of water stability macro aggregate and decrease of fine soil, the raising of soil saturated conductivity, the enhancement of soil ventilation property, and the improvement of soil farming performance, all of which forming good growing conditions. After researching the effect on soil property of applying sludge and waste compost into cropland, measuring soil physical properties(including soil bulk density, granular structure, porosity, three phase ratio and so on) via different treatments, experts say soil bulk density decreases with the increasing of compost dosage, total granular structure and water stability granular structure tend to increase, and meanwhile, volume of soil solid phase gradually reduces but liquid and gas phase volume rises little by little, promoting soil porosity and capillary porosity, thus raising soil permeability and field moisture capacity, which obviously improves soil physical property.
Besides, waste compost can promote the cation exchange capacity of soil, improve buffer ability of soil on acid-base, and provide nutrient exchange and absorbent active site, thereby promoting fertilizer retention capacity. Under the condition of field trial, refuse compost is able to lower pH value of colmatage soil, which has a positive effect on enhancing bio-availability of soil micro-elements.
Urban garbage compost can promote the microbial activity of soil and plant growth.
In waste compost, there are over 10% organic material that can increase soil microbial activity. At the same time, Municipal Solid Waste compost, with lots of microorganism, after applied into soil, can boost the decomposition of soil organic matter and releasing of efficient nutrient, improve soil physical property, then enhancing plant growth and quality. From the study of Municipal Solid Waste compost effect on soil microorganism(respectively applying compost into moisture oil, yellow brown oil and red earth),
From the study of Municipal Solid Waste compost effect on soil microorganism(respectively applying compost into moisture oil, yellow brown oil and red earth), we can see that soil microorganism carbon and nitrogen content, soil respiration rate, respiratory activity rate of microorganism biomass and cellulose decomposition intensity promote along with the increasing of waste compost amount. Besides, through the research on three-year continuous usage of urban waste compost on wheat and cotton, in general, urban waste compost amounts are over 15t/hm2, mature spike number of wheat and thousand seed weight increase with the augment of waste compost amounts and application life, and boll number and boll weight of cotton also increase, and finally the yield of wheat and cotton are significantly enhanced. In brown-red earth cropland, using mature compost can obviously increase the protein content of rapeseed; in moisture soil, protein content of soybean also rises along with the increasing of waste compost amount. Furthermore, nitrate content of Chinese cabbage reduces gradually along with the increasing of waste compost amount. In addition, moderate waste compost amount can promote crop yield in different degree.
MSW Compost’s Environmental Protection Effect on Agricultural Production
MSW compost can restore the soil polluted by pesticide
Refuse compost not only improves the activity of microorganisms in soil, promote plant growth speed, but also passivates herbicide and insecticide, for the sake of soil bio-remediation. In the process of urban Municipal Solid Waste compost, residues of insecticide in soil are very easy to be gradually degraded by microorganism via hydrolysis reaction. The study of the possibility of using waste compost to degrade pesticide shows that when waste compost amounts reach 20%-40%, after 4 weeks in greenhouse or 16 weeks under laboratory condition, 85% Trifluralin, 100% Metolachlor and 79% Pendimethalin all can be degraded, moreover, waste compost amount has correlation with recovery effect of pesticide polluting soil. In conclusion, adding mature compost can enhance microorganism activity and plant growth and promote pesticide degradation, which has been a economic and effective way to deal with pesticide pollution.
MSW compost can restore soil polluted by heavy metal.
For cropland, chromium pollution would restrain plant growth, affect human body health via chromium residue in edible part, all of which make soil chromium pollution attracts widespread concern at home and abroad. Currently, the common recovery methods have the certain improvement effect, but also have certain limitation at the same time. According to the research of simulating soil culture experiment, it shows that waste compost can dramatically reduce the valid chromium content in chromium polluted soil, accelerate the conversion from water-soluble chromium into crystalline-precipitated chromium, in other words, using waste compost to restore polluted soil is safe at least in short period.