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What is In Vessel Composter? Utilization of In-vessel Composting System?

In vessel composterIn vessel composter is a kind of totally-closed, vertical type compost fermentation equipment, being an air-clean anaerobic fermentation system. It is widely used for processing organic wastes into organic fertilizer, suitable for various organic waste, such as: animal manure (pig manure, chicken manure, cow dung), agricultural waste, livestock waste, kitchen waste, municipal sludge, industrial waste, mushroom residue, crop straw etc.
Find more information on compostable organic materials here.
Compared to windrow composting method, if there is few available land for composting project, In vessel composter is a better choice to realize the utilization of waste resources for the livestock breeding, medium and large farms, circular agriculture, ecological agriculture etc.

 

In Vessel Composting Process

In vessel composter adopts the microbial aerobic fermentation that microorganisms can make full use of organic matter and residual protein in animal manure, and reproduce rapidly under certain conditions of temperature, humidity and sufficient oxygen. During the reproductive processes, microorganisms consume the organic matter, protein and oxygen of the manure, thus metabolize into ammonia, CO2 and water vapor. Meanwhile, large amount of heat is released that can raise the temperature of tank.
It is mainly composed of the fermentation chamber, hoisting system, high-pressure air supply system, drive system, hydraulic power system, deodorization system, discharging system and automatic control system. Adopt PLC programmed control, the process of feeding, fermentation, temperature control and discharging is automatically completed.

The process flow mainly includes the following steps :

Mixing→Conditioning→Feeding→FermentationDischarging

 

◆ Mixing Part

Mix the animal manure or organic waste (water content is about 75%) with biomass, ferment bacteria in a certain proportion. Adjust the moisture content, C:N ratio and air permeability to meet the fermentation conditions. If the moisture content of raw material is about 55-65%, the organic waste can be fermented directly in the tank.

◆ Fermentation Part

The fermentation process can be divided into three stages, which are: the rapidly rising temperature stage, the high-temperature stage and the cooling stage.
Compost FermentationWhen the raw materials is sent into in vessel composter, it will be decomposed quickly within 24-48 hours under the action of aerobic bacteria. The heat produced by fermenter makes the temperature of organic waste increasing rapidly, the temperature is generally 50-65℃ and highest temperature can reach 70℃. The high-temperature period is maintained for 5-7 days. The oxygen is sent into in vessel composting system evenly through the air supply system to meet the oxygen demand during the fermentation process, so that the organic waste is fully fermented and decomposed. The temperature increment and ventilation accelerate the evaporation of material moisture.
When the decomposition speed becomes slow, the temperature will gradually decrease below 50℃. The whole fermentation process lasts for 7-15 days. The waste gas and water vapor is treated by the deodorization system and discharged through the discharging system, thus reducing the volume the organic fertilizer and reaching the treatment of reduction, stabilization and harmlessness.

Fermented Organic Fertilizer◆ Discharging Part

When the fermentation completed, the fermented material will be fall down under the function of stirring force and gravity, then discharged as the organic fertilizer.

The organic fertilizer processed by in vessel composting method fully conforms to the national standard.
Here are two tables showed the testing result of organic fertilizer produced by in vessel composter.

 

         Test Data of Organic Fertilizer Made by Chicken Manure

Item Test Data Test Result
H2O 25.32% ≤30
T-N 2.65% ≥5.0
P2O5 6.62%
K2O 3.25%
pH 8.1 5.5-8.5
Organic Material 62.91% ≥45
As ≤4.9 30mg/kg
Cd ≤0.6 3mg/kg
Pb ≤0.56 100mg/kg
Cr ≤32.3 300mg/kg
Hg ≤0.07 5mg/kg


Test Data of Organic Fertilizer Made by Pig Manure

Item Test Data Test Result
H2O 25.32% ≤30
pH 8.42 5.5-8.5
Organic Material 57.3% ≥45
N 2.32% /
P2O5 4.72% /
K2O 2.64% /
N+P2O5+K2O 9.68% ≥5.0
Cd(mg/kg) 0.5 ≤3
Cr(mg/kg) 30.8 ≤150
Pb(mg/kg) 0.6 ≤50
As(mg/kg) 5.5 ≤15
Hg(mg/kg) 0.08 ≤2


Advantages of Vertical
 In Vessel Composting Equipment

▼ High resources conversion rate (90%): The highest conversion rate of organic compost can reach 90% of the amount of organic waste.
Compost Fermentation Tank

▼ It adopts high-temperature fermentation technology–stable running, low consumption, low running cost. Temperature in in vessel composter can reach to 80-100℃, which could kill the harmful bacteria thoroughly. organic matter in waste is biodegraded and decomposed by using of microbial activity, so that organic waste can be processed into organic fertilizer, achieving the resource utilization of organic waste.

▼ In vessel composting system avoids the problems of traditional windrow composting, such as: low composting temperature, short duration of high temperature, long period of composting, environmental pollution and poor sanitation, etc.

Installtion of Composter

▼ Turing waste into treasure, no secondary pollution. The bio-treatment device carries out harmless treatment of organic waste in the production process. Waste gases treated by deodorization system can reach discharging standards.

▼ Well-knit structure, less land occupation, convenient installation, reducing floor space of equipment. In vessel composting equipment only covers 10-30 square meters. High level of automation, it can be operated by one person, saving labor with the installation of high-efficiency PLC programmed control system.Large Type In Vessel Composter

▼ In vessel composter uses high-property polyurethane heat preservation material, of which temperature is less affected by outside, ensuring normal operation at all seasons. And auxiliary heating ensures normal operation of machine at low temperature. It is equipped with mixing system that can mix the raw materials periodically with good mixing and fermentation effect. Productivity has risen greatly, and fermentation time is greatly shortened.

PS: It is suitable for mixing the powder and liquid materials with various ingredients. It has the advantages of wide applicability, good mixing uniformity, less material residue, convenient maintenance, which is the ideal equipment for treating various organic wastes.

▼ The body of vertical in vessel composting system adopts total stainless steel, corrosion resistance, long service life. It adopts hydraulic drive system that can guarantee full load operation of the fermenter and realize online cleaning and sterilization.

Specification and Daily Treatment of In Vessel Composting Equipment

MODEL TC-8A TC-40A TC-61A TC-90A TC-101A TC-200A
Volume (m3) 8 40 61 90 101 200
Power (kW) 4.9 18.2 27.3 37.7 37.7 72.3
Land Occupation (m3) 20 66 66 96 96 176
Chicken Manure

(Water Content 60%)

Treatment Quantity (t) 1.7 6 8 12 13.5 25
Discharge Quantity (t) 0.6 2.2 3 4 5 11.8
Pig Manure

(Water Content 78%)

Treatment Quantity (t) 1.3 4.5 6 9 10 17
Discharge Quantity (t) 0.3 0.9 1.2 1.8 2 3.3
Cattle Manure (Water Content 85%)

+ Auxiliary materials

Treatment Quantity (t) 0.9 2.6 5.2 7.5 8.5 15
0.2 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.3 2.2
Discharge Quantity (t) 0.3 1.3 1.6 2.3 2.8 4.2
Kitchen Waste (Water Content 80%) Treatment Quantity (t) 0.9 4 5.5 7 8.5 15
Discharge Quantity (t) 0.2 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.9
Sludge (Water Content 80%) + Auxiliary materials Treatment Quantity (t) 0.5 2.5 3.5 4.5 5 10.5
0.1 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.5 2.5
Discharge Quantity (t) 0.2 0.6 1 1.5 1.7 3

PS: We can customize in vessel composting equipment with different capacity and different forms (horizontal, vertical) according to customers’ demands.

 

 

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